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109th AW takes on additional ODF mission

Pegasus Field, Antarctica - An LC-130 Skibird from the New York Air National Guard is jacked up on the frozen ice shelf of Pegasus field 16 Jan 2014 after aircrew discovered a landing gear issue.  The maintenance crews of the 109th Airlift Wing do not have hangars to work out of while deployed to Antarctica for Operation DEEP FREEZE and must work in the elements and handle unique challenges nearly every day.  (U.S. Air National Guard photo by Master Sgt. Kevin Phillips/Released)

PEGASUS FIELD, Antarctica - An LC-130 Skibird from the New York Air National Guard's 109th Airlift Wing is jacked up on the frozen ice shelf here Jan. 16, 2014 after aircrew discovered a landing gear issue. The maintenance crews of the 109th AW do not have hangars to work out of while deployed to Antarctica for Operation Deep Freeze and must work in the elements and handle unique challenges nearly every day. (U.S. Air National Guard photo by Master Sgt. Kevin Phillips/Released)

SCOTIA, NY - Col. Michael Steindl, Operations Group Commander at the 109th Airlift Wing, speaks to local reporters about the unique aspects of the polar missions conducted by the ski-equipped LC-130 aircraft.  This year with the ice runway in poor condition, the 109th and seven of it's 10 LC-130s are taking on the usual mission of larger jet aircraft, extending several weeks and bringing 1100 National Science Foundation employees and scientists to New Zealand from McMurdo station to end the summer season of Operation Deep Freeze.  (U.S. Air National Guard photo by Master Sgt. William Gizara/Released)

STRATTON AIR NATIONAL GUARD BASE, N.Y. - Col. Michael Steindl, 109th Operations Group commander, speaks to local reporters about the unique aspects of the polar missions conducted by the ski-equipped LC-130 aircraft. This year with the ice runway in poor condition, the 109th Airlift Wing and seven of it's 10 LC-130s are taking on the usual mission of larger jet aircraft, extending several weeks and bringing 1,100 National Science Foundation employees and scientists to New Zealand from McMurdo station to end the summer season of Operation Deep Freeze. (U.S. Air National Guard photo by Master Sgt. William Gizara/Released)

CAMP SUMMIT, Greenland -- Air National Guard aircrew members utilize a jet-assisted takeoff from Camp Summit in April 2003. The ski-equipped LC-130 Hercules is assigned to the New York Air National Guard's 109th Airlift Wing. JATO provides a few extra knots of speed to pull the aircraft's nose up from skiways on the Greenland ice sheet. (Courtesy photo by Dr. Todd Valentic)

CAMP SUMMIT, Greenland -- Air National Guard aircrew members utilize a jet-assisted takeoff from Camp Summit in April 2003. The ski-equipped LC-130 Hercules is assigned to the New York Air National Guard's 109th Airlift Wing. JATO provides a few extra knots of speed to pull the aircraft's nose up from skiways on the Greenland ice sheet. (Courtesy photo by Dr. Todd Valentic)

STRATTON AIR NATIONAL GUARD BASE, N.Y. -- Airmen with the New York Air National Guard's 109th Airlift Wing here will cap five months of support of U.S. Antarctic research efforts by flying 1,100 researchers and support staff, and 43 tons of cargo, from McMurdo Station, Antarctica, to New Zealand aboard seven of its 10 ski-equipped LC-130 cargo planes.

The flights are expected to begin next week.

In the past, the U.S. Antarctic Program, which is managed by the National Science Foundation, has used C-17 Globemaster III aircraft assigned to the 62nd AW at McChord Air Force Base, Wash., to move researchers out of Antarctica as summer there comes to an end. These aircraft can carry more than 120 people on each flight.

This year, however, the snow and ice runway the C-17s and other non ski-equipped aircraft, use to land on is too soft to support their weight.

Last year, strong winds blanketed the airfield and the area around it for several square miles with volcanic dust and dirt from nearby terrain. When combined with the warm summer sun and mild January temperatures, this dirty snow and ice melted rapidly, forming melt pools 2 feet deep in areas.

Although temperatures are cooling, the runway's current condition makes it impossible for any wheeled aircraft, including the C-17, to land or take off on it. Only the LC-130s flown by the 109th AW, which land on skis as well as wheels, can use the runway to move people and cargo.

The LC-130 has a maximum passenger load of 35-40 people for intercontinental flights between McMurdo Station and Christchurch, New Zealand. For this reason it will take more missions to redeploy research and support personnel to New Zealand as they start their journeys home.

This will result in the 109th Airmen extending their deployment for a few weeks. The wing's Airmen normally return here in mid-February to begin preparing to fly science support missions to Greenland during the Northern Hemisphere's summer months.

"The unique capabilities of our aircraft have made it possible for scientists to do their work and get the most of the Antarctic summer research season, " said Col. Shawn Clouthier, 109th AW commander. "I am proud of our Airmen who have deployed this season and the dedication and hard work they have and continue to put into this season."

The wing has deployed 479 Air National Guardsmen to Antarctica since the season began in October, with an average of 150 on duty at any one time.

The partial federal government shutdown in October 2013 forced the U.S. Antarctic Program to consider canceling or deferring many research projects, primarily in and around McMurdo Station, and running the three U.S. Antarctic research stations in a caretaker mode. When the budget problems were resolved, the program moved ahead with as much planned research as possible.

The problems with the runway also meant the C-17s have not been flying into and out of the Antarctic since November 2013. This resulted in the 109th AW's Airmen flying more missions than first planned, Clouthier said.

The wing has already completed 38 more missions than the 181 which the Airmen had planned to execute.

The wing normally deploys six LC-130s and six crews to fly missions. This year, the wing deployed seven aircraft and added additional crews and maintainers to handle the extra mission requirements, Clouthier said.

"Without the efforts of our aircrews and ground crews the 2013-2014 research season would not have been as successful," he said.

This season, the 109th AW expects to complete a total of 284 missions. The new missions represent a 57-percent increase in workload for the 109th. To accomplish this, the wing is scheduling up to seven missions each day.